Bible Study Basics 2 Exegesis of Genre
Exegesis = bringing forth the author’s intended meaning from the text along normal literary methods
Review: Exegesis of Grammar – Subject Verb and Object…
Review Philemon… Where are the paragraph breaks
God communicates in human language in the Bible. That communication abides by the normal rules of sentences and paragraphs to communicate his truth clearly. Each paragraph is a portion or unit of that truth. Each unit teaches a distinct doctrine, or the same doctrine with a distinct shade of color and variation in flavor. We may study each paragraph as a unit, or string several “units” into a series of intertwined truths, or even a whole book. The beauty of Bible study is that God has communicated in a way every man, woman, and child can access.
Step 2: Observing Genre and Figurative Language
Illustration: Rooms in your house have rules
Example Genres in the Bible:
Laws- Exodus 20
Proverbs – like in Proverbs
Genealogies- Matthew 1
History- Kings, Acts [also known as prose]
Poetry- Psalms, sections of the Prophets, Col 1:15-20,
Direct Teaching- Sermons and, Epistles
Visionary Prophecy- Ezekiel 37, Daniel 2 or 10-12, Revelation 1, and 4-22
Figure of Speech: Non-literal speech to convey literal truth
Analogy, “The Lord is a strong tower, The Righteous run into is and they are saved”
Parable, “The Prodigal Son” Story illustrating the truth
Anthropomorphism, “The Lord’s eyes run to and fro throughout the earth”
Hyperbole, “It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God”
Ask: What are the rules of the game we are playing?
Practice: Titus 1:5-16
-Title the paragraph and the main subject, verbs, and objects
-Determine the Genre
-Determine any Figures of Speech
For this reason I left you in Crete, that you would set in order what remains and appoint elders in every city as I directed you, (6) namely, if any man is above reproach, the husband of one wife, having children who believe, not accused of dissipation or rebellion. (7) For the overseer must be above reproach as God’s steward, not self-willed, not quick-tempered, not addicted to wine, not pugnacious, not fond of sordid gain, (8) but hospitable, loving what is good, sensible, just, devout, self-controlled, (9) holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.
(10) For there are many rebellious men, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision, (11) who must be silenced because they are upsetting whole families, teaching things they should not teach for the sake of sordid gain. (12) One of themselves, a prophet of their own, said, “Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.” (13) This testimony is true.
For this reason reprove them severely so that they may be sound in the faith, (14) not paying attention to Jewish myths and commandments of men who turn away from the truth. (15) To the pure, all things are pure; but to those who are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure, but both their mind and their conscience are defiled. (16) They profess to know God, but by their deeds they deny Him, being detestable and disobedient and worthless for any good deed.